The fear and dread of you will fall upon all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air, upon every creature that moves along the ground, and upon all the fish of the sea; they are given into your hands. (Genesis 9:2, NIV)
After washing away the world with water, God blessed Noah and his sons again and told them to be fruitful and increase in number to fill the earth. Meanwhile, there is one difference in the authority given to Noah and Adam. Genesis 9:2 recorded that God gave fear and dread of man to all the animals of the earth, the sky, and the sea and gave them into man’s hands in the days of Noah. In the beginning, the Lord gave man only vegetables and fruits for food, but it changed by including everything that lives and moves since Noah’s era. This event has become the turning point of the paradigm of the existing economy in three aspects.
First, the hierarchy has been formed between people and animals. From the beginning, God gave man the authority to rule over all living things; however, it was to name and care for them in harmony with them. At that time, it was only possible to eat the plants allowed to each. Animals did not have to flee in fear of humans, because humans did not eat them. However, life is different now. Animals have to flee from humans because the Lord has given them fear and dread of us and allowed humans to eat animals.
The age of harmony in which humans had the horizontal relationship with animals has changed to the vertical relationship in which humans dominate animals.
Second, a significant change took place in the ecosystem. All animals were allowed to eat only green grass before Noah’s days. Predatory animals such as lions, wolves, bears, and leopards grazed on the field and had a horizontal relationship with cattle, horses, and deer. However, as humans have been allowed to eat animals since Noah’s era, a sophisticated pyramid-shaped ecosystem might have emerged, even among animals, because a predator animal eats a herbivorous one. It is difficult to find the direct expression from the Bible that carnivore and herbivore began to be classified in the animal world. In Genesis 37:20, however, Joseph’s brothers conspired to lie that “a ferocious animal devoured him” to throw Joseph into a cistern. It means that the ecosystem of eating or being eaten among the wild animals had emerged and also beasts began to attack even people before Jacob and Joseph lived.
The era of the jungle law has emerged in the ecosystem.